A major accident is any accident serious enough to warrant response by the installation disaster response force (DRF). These differ from the day-to-day emergencies handled by local emergency responders. A major accident may involve one or more of the following: aircraft accident/incident, toxic materials, hazardous substances, explosives, etc.
Three Phases of Response to a Major Accident
Notification - Emergency response operations begin with notification. Reports of incidents come from a variety of sources (i.e., telephone call; 911, crash phone, radio transmission, weather forecast warning, watch or advisory, or eyewitness). Individuals witnessing an incident must alert others in the im¬mediate area and report it to the Emergency Communications Center (ECC), Security Forces, Fire and Emergency Services, or the Command Post (CP).
Response - Initial responders respond to the incident and establish incident command, lifesaving and rescue, suppression and containment, cordon, Tactical Priorities, determine and communicate protective measures.
Withdrawal or Evacuation - The protective action used when responders are in imminent danger or when all response actions have been completed. Withdrawal may be immediate or planned. Evacuation is a protective action to remove all personnel (military or civilian) from a threatened area to a safer location.
Actions to Consider
Did You Know...
In October of 1986 the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) was signed into law. This act was passed so individuals could obtain information about chemicals that are manufactured, stored, used, and released within their community.
Contact your local or Installation's Office of Emergency Management for more information.