Temperatures that hover 10 degrees or more above the average high temperature for the region and last for several weeks are defined as extreme heat.
Know the Terms
Heat Wave - Prolonged period of excessive heat often combined with excessive humidity.
Heat Index - A number in degrees Fahrenheit that tells how hot it feels when relative humidity is added to the air temperature. Exposure to full sunshine can increase the heat index by 15 degrees.
Heat Cramps - Muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. Although heat cramps are the least severe, they are often the first signal that the body is having trouble with the heat.
Heat Exhaustion - Typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to decrease to the vital organs. This results in a form of mild shock. If not treated, the victim's condition will worsen. Body temperature will keep rising and the victim may suffer heat stroke.
Heat Stroke - A life-threatening condition. The victim's temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, stops working. The body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly. Another term for heat stroke is sun stroke.
Actions to Consider
Did You Know...
Because men sweat more than women, men are more susceptible to heat illness because they become more quickly dehydrated.
Contact your local or Installation's Office of Emergency Management for more information.